AskDefine | Define wrinkle

The Collaborative Dictionary

Wrinkle \Wrin"kle\, v. i. To shrink into furrows and ridges. [1913 Webster]
Wrinkle \Wrin"kle\, n. A winkle. [Local, U. S.] [1913 Webster]
Wrinkle \Wrin"kle\, n. [OE. wrinkil, AS. wrincle; akin to OD. wrinckel, and prob. to Dan. rynke, Sw. rynka, Icel. hrukka, OHG. runza, G. runzel, L. ruga. ????.] [1913 Webster]
A small ridge, prominence, or furrow formed by the shrinking or contraction of any smooth substance; a corrugation; a crease; a slight fold; as, wrinkle in the skin; a wrinkle in cloth. "The wrinkles in my brows." --Shak. [1913 Webster] Within I do not find wrinkles and used heart, but unspent youth. --Emerson. [1913 Webster]
hence, any roughness; unevenness. [1913 Webster] Not the least wrinkle to deform the sky. --Dryden. [1913 Webster]
[Perhaps a different word, and a dim. AS. wrenc a twisting, deceit. Cf. Wrench, n.] A notion or fancy; a whim; as, to have a new wrinkle. [Colloq.] [1913 Webster]
Wrinkle \Wrin"kle\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Wrinkled; p. pr. & vb. n. Wrinkling.] [1913 Webster]
To contract into furrows and prominences; to make a wrinkle or wrinkles in; to corrugate; as, wrinkle the skin or the brow. "Sport that wrinkled Care derides." --Milton. [1913 Webster] Her wrinkled form in black and white arrayed. --Pope. [1913 Webster]
Hence, to make rough or uneven in any way. [1913 Webster] A keen north wind that, blowing dry, Wrinkled the face of deluge, as decayed. --Milton. [1913 Webster] Then danced we on the wrinkled sand. --Bryant. [1913 Webster] To wrinkle at, to sneer at. [Obs.] --Marston. [1913 Webster]

Word Net

wrinkle

Noun

1 a slight depression in the smoothness of a surface; "his face has many lines"; "ironing gets rid of most wrinkles" [syn: furrow, crease, crinkle, seam, line]
2 a minor difficulty; "they finally have the wrinkles pretty well ironed out"
3 a clever method of doing something (especially something new and different)

Verb

1 gather or contract into wrinkles or folds; pucker; "purse ones's lips" [syn: purse]
2 make wrinkles or creases into a smooth surface; "The dress got wrinkled" [syn: ruckle, crease, crinkle, scrunch, scrunch up, crisp]
3 make wrinkled or creased; "furrow one's brow" [syn: furrow, crease]
4 become wrinkled or crumpled or creased; "This fabric won't wrinkle" [syn: rumple, crumple, crease, crinkle]

English

Etymology

Probably from stem of gewrinclod.

Pronunciation

Noun

  1. A small furrow, ridge or crease in an otherwise smooth surface.
  2. A line or crease in the skin, especially when caused by age or fatigue.
    Spending time out in the sun may cause you to develop wrinkles sooner.
  3. A fault, imperfection or bug especially in a new system or product; typically, they will need to be ironed out.
    Three months later, we're still discovering new wrinkles.

Translations

a furrow in a smooth surface
  • Croatian: nabor
  • Finnish: ryppy, juonne
  • Hungarian: egyenetlenség, gyűrődés
  • Italian: crepa, asperità, irregolarità
  • Kurdish:
  • Spanish: arruga , aspereza
a line or crease in the skin
  • Croatian: bora
  • Czech: vráska
  • Dutch: rimpel
  • Finnish: ryppy
  • French: ride
  • German: Falte, Runzel
  • Hungarian: ránc, redő, barázda
  • Italian: ruga
  • Japanese: しわ
  • Latin: ruga
  • Mandarin: (zhòuwén)
  • Portuguese: ruga
  • Slovene: guba
  • Spanish: arruga
a fault, imperfection or bug
  • Finnish: vika, virhe
  • Italian: imperfezione
  • Spanish: imperfección

Verb

  1. (transitive) To make wrinkles in; to cause to have wrinkles.
    Be careful not to wrinkle your dress before we arrive.
  2. (intransitive) To pucker or become uneven or irregular.
    An hour in the tub will cause your fingers to wrinkle.

Translations

To make wrinkles in; to cause to have wrinkles
To pucker or become uneven or irregular

Related terms

References

A wrinkle is a ridge or crease of a surface. It usually refers to folds on fabric or clothes, or on the skin of an organism; the folds are generally random and do not exhibit any repeating pattern. In skin or other foldable material a wrinkle or fold may be permanent if the material is folded the same way each time.
Skin wrinkles typically appear as a result of aging processes such as glycation or, temporarily, as the result of prolonged (more than a few minutes) immersion in water. Wrinkling in skin is caused by habitual facial expressions, aging, sun damage, smoking, poor hydration, and various other factors. With prolonged water exposure, the outer layer of skin starts to absorb water. The skin doesn't expand evenly, however, and this causes your skin to wrinkle. Deplation of water in the body, as occurs with dehydration, can also cause this puckering of the skin.

Aging wrinkles

Smoking is a key factor in the development of wrinkles. Treatments and products (including anti-aging creams) promising to reduce, remove, or prevent age-related wrinkles are big business in many industrialized countries. Despite great demand, most such products and treatments have not been proven to give lasting or major positive effects. Stretching the skin via a face lift will remove some wrinkles.
Although the exact mode of action of tretinoin is unknown, current evidence suggests that tretinoin decreases cohesiveness of follicular epithelial cells. Additionally, tretinoin stimulates mitotic activity and increased turnover of follicular epithelial cells.
Botulinum toxin is a neurotoxin protein produced by the bacterium Clostridium botulinum. Botox is manufactured by Allergan Inc (U.S.) for both therapeutic as well as cosmetic use. Besides its cosmetic application, Botox is used in the treatment of other conditions including migraine headache and cervical dystonia (spasmodic torticollis) (a neuromuscular disorder involving the head and neck)
Restylane is a non animal stabilized hyaluronic acid produced by Q-med in Sweden. The wrinkle- resolving gel is worldwide the most commonly used dermal filler since it was introduced in 1996. Particularly effective is it when used in a special injection technique; The Fern Pattern Technique. This technique was introduced by the Dutch cosmetic doctor Tom van Eijk in Sweden in 2005. The article on the subject was published in the Journal of Drugs in Dermatology, August 2007.

Prune fingers

The wrinkles that occur in skin after prolonged exposure to water are sometimes referred to as prune fingers or water aging. This is a temporary skin condition where the skin on the palms of the hand or feet becomes wrinkly. It is caused when the keratin-laden epithelial skin is immersed in water. The skin expands and the resultant larger surface area forces it to wrinkle. Usually the tips of the fingers and toes are the first to wrinkle because of a thicker layer of keratin and an absence of hairs which secrete the protective oil called sebum. Wrinkled fingers often occur after taking a shower or bath and last up to fifteen minutes afterwards, until the water has evaporated or is absorbed into the body.
Prune fingers is named for the skins' resemblance to the wrinkled, rough surface of a prune.

Animals with wrinkles

thumb|right|Shar Pei puppies Examples of wrinkles can be found in various animal species that grow loose, excess skin, particularly when they are young. Several breeds of dog, such as the Pug and the Shar Pei, have been bred to exaggerate this trait. In dogs bred for fighting, this is the result of selection for loose skin, which confers a protective advantage. Wrinkles are also associated with neoteny (cuteness), as they are a trait associated with juvenile animals.

Fabric wrinkles

Fabric wrinkles occur as a result of cloth being bunched or folded unevenly. Wrinkled clothing is often undesirable in situations such as job interviews, or formal social events. There are products such as irons and fabric sprays to remove wrinkles from cloth. Some more modern fabrics have been engineered to be wrinkle-free or wrinkle-resistant by incorporating water-resistant polymers.

References

External links

wrinkle in Spanish: Arruga
wrinkle in French: Ride (dermatologie)
wrinkle in Hebrew: קמטים
wrinkle in Norwegian: Rynke
wrinkle in Russian: Морщины
wrinkle in Swedish: Rynka
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